PHI 120 (010 019) - Introductory Logic - Spring 2015

SYLLABUS (Section 010)

SYLLABUS (Section 019)

MIDTERM EXAM STUDY GUIDE

FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE

“Logic is the analysis and appraisal of arguments.  When you do logic, you try to clarify reasoning and separate good from bad reasoning.”  (Gensler 2010:1)

In this course, students will attain a practical understanding of logic and its application in critical thinking about everyday and philosophical issues.  Students will learn to utilize the logician’s toolkit in order to distinguish good arguments from bad ones—with the aim being to inculcate standards of good reasoning, e.g., clarity, consistency and validity.  The text and its accompanying software will help students become adept at analyzing the strength or soundness of the ideas that are presented to them every day from various sources.  Consequently, students are expected to better understand the logic behind their own thoughts and actions—and to apply principles of logic in their reasoning.

Why study logic?  I can think of three main reasons.  First, logic is important because reasoning is important.  Reasoning and general analytical skills are important in law, politics, journalism, education, medicine, business, science, mathematics, computer science, and most other areas.  Second, logic can deepen your understanding of philosophy.  Philosophers ask questions like ‘Why accept or reject free will?’ or ‘Can one prove or disprove God’s existence?’ or ‘How can one justify a moral belief?’  If you don’t know any logic, you’ll have only a vague grasp of such issues; and you’ll lack the tools needed to understand and evaluate philosophical reasoning.  Finally, logic can be fun.  Doing logic is like playing a game or doing puzzles; logic will challenge your thinking processes in new ways.  The rigor of logical systems will likely fascinate you.”  (Gensler 2010:1—2)

 

 

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