Descriptions - Spring 2021

UK Department of Philosophy

Course Descriptions for Spring 2021

PHI 100-001  Introduction to Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality-Sandmeyer   LEC MW  11:00-11:50; Turner REC F 11:00-11:50

PHI 100-002  Introduction to Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality-Sandmeyer   LEC MW  11:00-11:50, Turner REC F 12:00-12:50

In this class, we will study three interrelated conversations in the history of philosophy about metaphysics (the study of being) and epistemology (the study of knowledge). We will begin our study by examining a problem which Socrates and the ancient sophists address, particularly whether the search for knowledge is necessary or possible, even. Second, we will study Plato's and Aristotle's conceptions of knowledge and reality, focusing specifically on their distinctive metaphysics. Lastly, we will analyze the differences evinced in Descartes' rationalist theory of ideas and Hume's naturalistic account of the mind. This class aims to achieve three equally important outcomes: (i) the acquisition of a solid foundation in writing at the college level; (ii) the development of distinct skills for reading at the college level; and, (iii) competence in the clear expression of one's ideas verbally (to the degree this can be practiced in these COVID times).

This course fulfills the UK Core Requirement: Intellectual Inquiry in the Humanities.


PHI 100-003  Introduction to Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality-Banks TBD

PHI 100-004 Introduction to Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality-Marquis MWF 10:00-10:50

PHI 100-005  Introduction to Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality-Marquis MWF 11:00-11:50

PHI 100-006  Introduction to Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality-Cunningham   MWF 12:00-12:50 

PHI 100-008  Introduction to Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality-Cunningham   MWF 1:00-1:50

PHI 100-011  Introduction to Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality-Clark   MWF 2:00-2:50

PHI 100-013  Introduction to Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality-Clark   MWF 9:00-9:50


PHI 100-007  Introduction to Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality-Winterfeldt   TR  11:00-12:15

PHI 100-012  Introduction to Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality-Winterfeldt   MWF 9:00-9:50

Philosophy’, literally translated, means the “love of wisdom.” This course will be a general survey of the various historical eras and subject matters of philosophy. We will focus on the works of several canonical philosophers as they pertain to three main areas of philosophical inquiry: metaphysics, epistemology, and existentialism. By the end of this course, successful students should be able to (1) identify and define key philosophical terms studied in the course; (2) distinguish among the various philosophical theories studied in the course; (3) apply philosophical theories to specific issues; (4) identify major points and arguments of a philosophical text; and (5) critically analyze and evaluate philosophical arguments.


PHI 100-009  Introduction to Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality-Bursten   TR  2:00-3:15

You’re going to college in a global pandemic. Is this even real life? How could you know?

The COVID-19 pandemic has ushered us into an age where our relationships, socializing, school, and everyday lives are increasingly conducted online, or behind a mask, at a social distance. Even though many of us spent a lot of our lives online before the pandemic, current restrictions have changed the way we interact with the “real” world and can leave us feeling disconnected, uneasy, and unsure of what “normal reality” is supposed to feel like. And as if that weren’t hard enough, internet algorithms and disinformation campaigns have left us questioning what information is true and trustworthy, and how we can tell useful advice from devious trickery.           

Before the pandemic, philosophers spent millennia grappling with the unsettling sense of disconnectedness from other people, worries about whether our lived experiences are really real, and questions about how we can tell real from imagined experiences and true from false claims. In this class, we will encounter classical texts and problems in the philosophical disciplines of metaphysics (the study of what is real) and epistemology (the study of how we know). We will use these “greatest hits” of philosophy to gain a better understanding of the particular intellectual discomforts of living through 2020.


PHI 100-010  Introduction to Philosophy: Knowledge and Reality - Storozhenko   TR  9:30-10:45

What is knowledge, really? You seem to know all sorts of things about yourself and your world. Yet, do you know how you know what you know? Tongue-twisting aspects of the question aside, one cannot help but wonder what knowledge is. Philosophers call inquiry into knowledge epistemology, and we will learn quite a bit about epistemology in this class. Moreover, insofar as you know, what is it that you know? Presumably, the world that you live in-- you tend to call this reality. But then, what is this thing we call reality, really? What is its ultimate nature? Philosophers call this sort on inquiry into the ultimate nature of reality metaphysics, and, like epistemology, we will cover quite a bit of metaphysics in this class. To put it in the briefest of terms: in this class, you will examine some of the most interesting problems in metaphysics and epistemology. In so doing, you will develop the ability to critically examine what constitutes knowledge and reality, as well as apply such insights into practical problems of the everyday.


PHI 111-001   Philosophy of RaceFarr   MWF   2:00-2:50

Until recent decades philosophical discourse has tended to focus on problems that appeared to presuppose a disembodied view of the human person.  The focus on abstract concepts and categories, pure consciousness, pure reason, the existence of God, formalistic procedures in moral and political philosophy, abstract rights, etc., seemed to miss many important features of human life. 

The formal nature of much philosophy fails to properly address the ways that forms of embodiment and the form of social organization of which that embodiment is a part affects the development of consciousness, the experience of freedom or lack of freedom, rights, acceptance as fully human, the ability to be a part of a moral community, etc. 

What is the connection between philosophy and the lived experience of racism, police brutality, white supremacy, BLM protests?  What does philosophy look like when it directly addresses the black experience in America rather than abstract concepts?  Human consciousness is not formed in a vacuum or in the starry heavens, it is form within concrete material, social, historical, and political conditions.  Michel Foucault once argued that the human soul Is the result of the way in which society has written on the body.  That writing on the body is then interpreted according to the values of that society.  Put back into our context, how is the black body interpreted by white Americans, especially policemen?  These are some of the issues that we will explore in this class as we try to understand our present predicament.


PHI 120-201   Introduction to LogicGrimsley   Online

PHI 120-202   Introduction to LogicGrimsley   Online

A course which treats argumentation, syllogistic, and sentential logic. The focus will be on the use of formal methods in the construction and criticism of actual arguments, the aim being to inculcate standards of good reasoning, e.g., clarity, consistency and validity. Credit is not given to students who already have credit for PHI 320


PHI 130-001  Introduction to Philosophy: Morality and SocietyChambers  TR  2:00-3:15

This course is an introduction to some of the central issues in moral philosophy. We will begin by asking the question: how does one live a good life? We will then turn to the two dominant moral frameworks in contemporary moral philosophy: consequentialism and deontology. We will look at the articulations of these frameworks in the works of John Stuart Mill and Immanuel Kant, and we will explore how they are employed in arguments about: the obligations we have to the global poor, the duty not to lie, and the limits of just warfare. We will end by asking whether we are morally permitted to punish people for acting wrongly, and if so, do any plausible theories of punishment justify mass incarceration in the US.


PHI 130-003 Introduction to Philosophy: Morality and Society – Sheeley   MWF 12:00-12:50

PHI 130-004 Introduction to Philosophy: Morality and Society – Sheeley   MWF 1:00-1:50


PHI 205-001 Food EthicsSandmeyer  MWF  10:00-10:50

Students will analyze different philosophical arguments relevant to individual food choice, e.g., vegetarianism, veganism, Kashrut, Halal, freeganism, localvorism, etc. At the systems level, we will study what makes up a food system locally, regionally, and globally as we examine the socio-political and cultural determinants underlying the production, distribution, and consumption of “food.” So, this course gives students the resources necessary to think ethically about their own food choices in the context of socio-economically defined food systems. More generally, this course equips students with the analytical skills necessary to recognize and assess philosophical arguments. 

This course fulfills the UK General Education Requirement:  Community, Culture and Citizenship in the USA.


PHI 245-001 Introduction to Philosophy of ReligionBohannon  TR   9:30-10:45

What does it mean to believe in God?  What are the challenges to such belief?  Is religious belief still credible in light of challenges such as the rise of modern science, the problem of evil, and the plurality of world religions?

This course will examine some of the best contemporary thinking on these topics.  We will begin with selections from sacred texts such as the Bhagavad Gita, the Bible, and the Qu’ran.  We will then proceed to a variety of contemporary readings on topics such as the being or non-being and nature of God; the problem of evil; the compatibility of divine foreknowledge and human freedom; the nature of the afterlife; evolution and creation; and the plurality of world religions.

There are no prerequisites for this course, and no prior knowledge of philosophy is required.


PHI 260-001 History of Philosophy I:  From Greek Beginnings to the Middle Ages - Bradshaw  TR 12:30-1:45

This course is a survey of leading thinkers and ideas in western philosophy from the early Greeks to the Middle Ages. Among the authors we will read are the Pre-Socratics, Plato, Aristotle, Stoics, Epicureans, Skeptics, and Neoplatonists. We will end with a look at the conflict between pagan philosophy and Christian thought in late antiquity, particularly as it is exemplified in the work of Celsus (On the True Doctrine), St. Athanasius (On the Incarnation), and St. Augustine (Confessions).

This course satisfies the UK Gen Ed requirement for Methods of Inquiry in the Humanities.


PHI 270-001 History of Philosophy II: From the Renaissance to the Present EraFarr   TR  11:00-12:15

This course is a course in the history of philosophy to the extent that it focuses on the development of philosophy during a particular historical period.  However, this historical period is defined as modern in terms of the issues, problems, controversies, people, developments, and concerns that characterize this period.  The modern period begins and closes with a particular set of philosophical problems that distinguishes it from other periods.  In this course we will examine some of the philosophers, problems and controversies that characterize modern philosophy.  We will look at what the moderns thought about the limits of human knowledge, the existence of God, freedom and determinism, science, morality, and the socio-politico dimension of human life.  We will also look at the conflict between the rationalists and the empiricists.  Hopefully, this encounter with the philosophical works of our modern predecessors will help us gain a more profound understanding of ourselves. 

Toward the end of the semester we will turn our attention to some contemporary critiques of modern philosophy.  We will read critiques by feminists, postmodernists, and critical theorists. 

This course satisfies the UK Gen Ed requirement for Methods of Inquiry in the Humanities


PHI 300-001 Special Topics-History and Philosophy of Ecology- Sandmeyer   MWF 1:00-1:50

In this class we will study the history, science, and the philosophy of ecology. Our historical study of ecology ranges from the expression of proto-ecological thought in the 19th century to the development of mathematical modelling in later 20th century theoretical ecology. We will familiarize ourselves with the work of figures such as Ernst Haeckel, Henry David Thoreau, Frederick Clements, Henry Gleason, A.G. Tansley, Eugene and Howard Odum, Robert May, E.O. Wilson and Daniel Simberloff, to mention just a selection. Significantly, we will pause our historical studies to read (excerpts of) important papers influential in the development of ecology as a science. Throughout the semester, we will address such philosophical questions as whether ecology has a methodology of its own, whether the entities studied by ecologists are aggregates or wholes, what do the terms “community,” “niche,” “diversity,” and “stability” really signify, among other things. Anybody who has an interest in the history and theory of ecology will find this foundational class stimulating.

Two books will be required:

  • Worster, Donald. Nature's Economy. A History of Ecological Ideas. (9780521468343)
  • Keller, David R. & Golley, Frank B. The Philosophy of Ecology. From Science to Synthesis. (ISBN: 9780820322209)

Additional reading and articles will be provided in class.


PHI 305-001   Healthcare Ethics Buchanan   TR   12:30-1:45pm

We all depend on our bodies; when they go, so do we! Maybe unsurprising then, that humanity has devoted so much to learning how to keep those bodies healthy as long as possible. Medicine relies on individuals helping other individuals, applying their expertise to care for and treat bodies so that those individuals can continue to live their lives. When so much is at stake, it’s no wonder that complex ethical questions arise. Questions like:


1)     How do we discern the best interests of someone who can’t speak for themselves?

2)     Do people have a right to healthcare?

3)     How should healthcare professionals determine what the right thing to do is for patients at the end of life?

4)     How can healthcare professionals ensure they are respecting the autonomy of their patients?

5)     What values are relevant when determining how to best care for a neonate or a child?

In this course we will study philosophy that helps us think about these questions, and learn the principles modern bioethics applies to provide answers. This class is highly case-oriented, and focuses on applying theory to complex real-world scenarios where a choice must be made. Still, be prepared to focus on clear argumentation, a solid grasp of theory, and thorough analysis of values and moral foundations. 


PHI 305-002   Healthcare EthicsParkinson   MWF   11:00-11:50

PHI 305-003   Healthcare EthicsParkinson   MWF   10:00-10:50 

In this course, students will study a number of ethical issues commonly faced by people working in health care, including related areas of research.  The course will cover a number of professional issues, such as informed consent, decision-making for incompetent patients, fair access to health care, and an extended treatment of end-of-life issues.  The course will also include a strong emphasis on techniques for carrying on discussions about ethics, both in person and in writing.


PHI 310-001 Philosophy of Human NatureO’Dell  TR   11:00-12:15

PHI 310-001 Philosophy of Human NatureFelgenhauer  MWF  9:00-9:50

A course introducing philosophy at the upper division level which studies various issues involved in analyzing what it means to be human, in the interest of developing a coherent conception of man.  Answers will be sought to questions like these: Is there a human nature?  What would differentiate the properly human from the nonhuman?  What kind of relations tie a human being to environment, society, and history?

This course fulfills the UK General Education Requirement: Intellectual Inquiry in the Humanities.


PHI 315-001 Philosophy and Science Fiction – Banks   MWF   1:00-1:50pm

This course is designed to look at and question major questions of Philosophy in terms of science fiction. Can zombies be held to ethical standards? Is time-travel possible? Can robots ever become rational, autonomous beings? How do we know reality from fiction? These are only a few of the many questions we will be trying to answer over the course of the semester. If you have an interest in the unknown, the alien, and the different, then this course is a great starting point for diving deeper into science fiction.


PHI 317-001 Existentialist Thought and LiteratureFelgenhauer   MWF  11:00-11:50 

This course is a survey of existentialism as a literary movement as well as a philosophical one, with emphasis upon their intersection and interaction. The course will trace the emergence of existentialist themes in modern thought and culture, and will analyze and assess the movements’ continuing significance.


PHI 330-001 EthicsChambers  TR   12:30-1:45

The study of ethics addresses questions about the good life, how to act, and how to live together. Ethical questions arise at every stage of a human life, from before a person is born until after they die. We will explore the ethical questions that arise at familiar stages of a person’s life: Is it bad to come into existence? Should children have more control over their lives? Should we allow teenagers to vote? Why do we love some people and not others? Should you have sex with someone if you don’t love them? Is it bad to get married if you know you’re likely to get divorced? Should we fear getting older, dying, or what happens after we die?  We will consider some surprising ways philosophers have tried to answer these questions, and we will think about how the arguments they make can help us better understand the ethical shape of a human life as a whole.


PHI 334-001  Business EthicsHoudeshell  MWF  9:00-9:50

PHI 334-002  Business EthicsHoudeshell  MWF  10:00-10:50

PHI 334-003  Business EthicsStaff  TR  11:00-12:15

PHI 334-201  Business EthicsStaff   Online

An introduction to moral problems that arise in contemporary business practice and the ethical frameworks proposed to resolve them.  Topics will include areas such as truth-telling and integrity; social responsibility; property rights and their limitations; and justice in personnel and labor practices.


PHI 340-001 Introduction to Feminism and PhilosophySuperson  TR  12:30-1:45

This course offers an introduction to basic feminist thought from a philosophical perspective explored through topics such as gender roles, images of women in society, violence against women (woman battering and rape), and male socialization.  The main goal is to explain the oppression of women through these issues, though a subsidiary goal is to offer ways to examine ways to overcome women’s oppression.  The course emphasizes gender and issues affecting all women. 

This course fulfills the UK General Education Requirement: Community, Culture, and Citizenship in the USA.

For Spring 2021, this will be an online course.  Assignments and format have yet to be worked out.


PHI 343-001 Asian Philosophy - Leaman   TR   9:30-10:45  

The course on Asian philosophy will concentrate exclusively on issues in Buddhist theory. The range of issues that arise in Buddhist philosophy will be examined, including the attack on the notion of the self, meditation, enlightenment, the role of suffering and importance of compassion.

The course will be assessed through examination, essay and presentation and presented as a hybrid course, mainly in person.

This course fulfills the UK General Education Requirement:  Global Dynamics


PHI 380-001 Death, Dying and Quality of LifeLeaman    TR   11:00-12:15

One thing we can be sure of is that we are going to die, and there are various ways to understand this fact. This course will examine a range of issues that arise when we reflect on our mortality. We will consider some of the understandings of death in a variety of religious philosophies both Eastern and Western, including immortality, rebirth, the nature of the soul and so on. What attitude should we adopt to death and how far can it be said to be evil? Are suicide, euthanasia and abortion wrong, and in what circumstances is it acceptable to kill someone? Is there are a quality of life so low that it would be better not to be alive, or not to have lived? We shall also examine some of the cultural features of death and dying. The course will be assessed through examination, essay and presentation. The modality for this course is hybrid, mainly in person.


PHI 380-002 Death, Dying and Quality of Life - McCaffrey    MWF  1:00-1:50

Death, Dying, and Quality of Life is an invitation to engage with existential, cultural, ethical, and metaphysical questions about death and our relation to it. Through a mixture of media and philosophical texts, we will examine our comportment toward the dying, the ethics of suicide, funerary practices, the phenomenon of loss, the abstract nature of death on a large scale, and the possibility of integrating an understanding of death into the practice of life. Essay and discussion are the primary means of assessment in this course. 


PHI 393-001 Philosophy of FilmLook   TR   11:00-12:15

This course examines philosophical issues relating to photography and film (i.e. motion pictures, moving images, movies).  We will address the following questions:

Ø  Is photography art?  Is film art?

Ø  What is film? Can one define its central nature or essence?

Ø  What is the nature of non-narrative or non-fictional films, a.k.a. documentaries?

Ø  How do films engage our emotions?

Ø  How does narration work in films?

Ø  How can film address issues of personal identity and self-knowledge?

Ø  How do we come to know others and what is the role of film in this process?

Ø  Can film do philosophy

Also, since this course fulfills the Creativity component of UKCore, students will be required to submit photographs and produce a (short) narrative film of their own that makes use of photographic and film techniques discussed in the course.  -- To this end, it will be necessary that students have (or have access to) a cell phone camera at a minimum. --  No textbooks will be required; readings will be made available on Canvas.  A subscription to the Criterion Channel will, however, be required.

This course fulfills the UK General Education Requirement:  Arts and Creativity.


PHI 516-001 Contemporary Philosophy: Phenomenological Directions -  Nenadic  TR  2:00-3:15 

This course introduces students to phenomenology, a largely late 19th century and early 20th century development in philosophy. We center on phenomenology as a response to modern philosophy’s increasing removal of philosophy from life concerns, from other disciplines, and from the great works of its past. We examine how phenomenology reasserted that philosophical problems arise from worldly challenges and crises in their multifaceted expressions and how it cast the relationship between those problems and philosophy’s past. The principal figures we cover are Dilthey, Husserl, and Heidegger, with a focus on the development of Heidegger’s hermeneutic phenomenology in its connections to Dilthey’s beginnings and in its distinction from Husserl’s phenomenology. We conclude by considering philosophy so understood in relation to the multiple crises we are currently in the middle of such as Covid-19, erosion of democratic institutions, Black Lives Matter, and sex inequality. 


PHI 520-001   Symbolic Logic II – Wallace  TR  11:00-12:15

This is an advanced course in symbolic logic. The primary aim is to introduce you to non-classical logic, including extensions of classical logic, as well as rival non-bivalent systems. We will begin with a quick review of classical propositional logic, then introduce and explore possible worlds semantics, setting us up to learn various normal and non-normal systems. We will explore systems with truth-value gaps (sentences that are neither true nor false) as well as truth value gluts (sentences that are both true and false). We will delve into meta-theory (soundness and completeness) relevant to the various systems introduced, time permitting.


PHI 540-001 Feminist Philosophy –  Superson    TR  9:30-10:45

Since roughly the 1980s, feminist philosophers have critiqued traditional philosophy.  In this course, we will study some of the latest critiques that have been offered by feminist philosophers working within the analytic tradition.  The papers we will read aim to show some of the advances that feminism has made on traditional issues in mainstream analytical philosophy, and argue that traditional philosophy ignores feminist insights and critiques of traditional philosophy at its own peril: it remains stagnant and risks leaving out certain groups of people.  The papers cover a multitude of areas in philosophy, including social and political philosophy, normative ethics, virtue theory, metaethics, philosophy of language, metaphysics, epistemology, and philosophy of science.

Text:  Out from the Shadows:  Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy, eds. Sharon L. Crasnow and Anita M. Superson (New York:  Oxford University Press, 2012).

For Spring 2021, this will be an online course.  We will carry out our discussion via Zoom.

*This course meets the 20th Century Value Theory requirement for graduate students in philosophy.


PHI 560-001 Philosophy of Scientific Method -Bursten  TR 12:30-1:45

What can science really tell us about the nature of reality? How do scientists know when to trust the results of their experiments? What is a law of nature? Does a scientist's personal identity influence the theories she devises? Are all the other sciences really just "applied physics''? Why is astronomy science, while astrology isn't?

Philosophy of science aims to answer questions like these. In this course, we study central topics in philosophy of science, including the demarcation between science and pseudoscience, the structure of scientific theories, the nature of laws of nature, the aims of scientific explanation, and the relationships between science and broader social and societal endeavors. At the end of this course, students will be able (1) to evaluate evidence from the sciences for validity and soundness, as well as its value to a particular theory or research program; (2) to compare views on the relationships between the objects of science and the objects of the everyday world, (3) to analyze relations among individual scientific theories and the laws, explanations, and values that contribute to those theories; and (4) to examine the structure of theories and the character of practices across disciplines within science. 

This course may be used to satisfy either the Group A or Group C requirement for philosophy majors, or to satisfy the Contemporary M&E requirement for graduate students in philosophy.

PHI 680-001 Special Topics-UnityWallace  M   4:00-6:30

This course is on unity and being one. Our primary text will be Graham Priest's One, which covers a lot of philosophical ground - Plato, Aristotle, Heideggar, Frege, classical vs. non-classical logic, historical, modern, and contemporary metaphysics, as well as western and eastern philosophy (primarily Buddhist philosophy for the latter). We will use his book as a guide to talk about unity and one(ness) across a wide variety of philosophical traditions. Note: if you have taken or will be taking PHI 520, you will find that a nice supplement to the technical aspects of this course. 


PHI 700-001 Seminar in Ancient Philosophy: Reason and Will - Bradshaw   T  4:00-6:30

Reason and will are both concepts with long and complex histories. Ancient Greek has no single term corresponding to voluntas in Latin or ‘will’ in English. Instead we find a host of terms that cover various portions of the relevant semantic territory: boulesis (rational wish), prohairesis (choice), to hekousion (the voluntary), thumos (psychic drive), and a number of terms for various forms of appetite or desire. ‘Reason’ likewise has no single equivalent, although it can serve as a tolerable translation for terms such as nous (intuitive perception), dianoia (discursive reason), and logos (the capacity to apprehend rational structure). Different authors naturally have their own distinctive understandings of these various terms, and there were also important changes that occurred over time; in Homer, for example, the phren (midriff) is the seat of discursive thought, whereas in later authors this role is taken over by the psyche (soul), which in Homer was merely the shade that survives death.

Our purpose in this course will be to trace the evolution of these two broad families of concepts from Homeric Greece through late antiquity. Among the authors we will read are Plato, Aristotle, the early Stoics, Cicero, Epictetus, Seneca, Augustine, Maximus the Confessor, and John of Damascus. We will end with a look at how Augustine’s appropriation of the concept of will to address various theological problems set the stage for the debates between intellectualists and voluntarists in the late Middle Ages.


PHI 715-001  Seminar in Recent Philosophy: Hannah Arendt, COVID-19, and Thinking in Dark Times- Nenadic  R  4:30-7:00

This course centers on close readings of Hannah Arendt’s major works The Origins of Totalitarianism and Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil as well as key essays. Her thought analyzes major political crises of our era focused on authoritarian government -- from totalitarian systems (Nazism and communism) to other types of dictatorship. We will cover her treatment of such topics as: how societies slip into authoritarianism; concurrent shifts in societal and moral norms; systemic inequality, racism, and anti-Semitism; questions of law, criminality, evil, and legal accountability; and ethics and personal responsibility. Arendt evinces the idea that philosophy or thinking is most needed in times of crisis to help us understand and navigate them and that it emanates from a multidisciplinary proximity to these developments and through knowledge of the past that resonates with them. In this way, we will consider how her thought may help us make sense of today’s extraordinary times. We will center on the unique experience of COVID-19 in the United States and will include topics such as its disproportionate health and economic effects on communities of color, Native American nations, and women and its intersections with Black Lives Matter.

This course will satisfy the contemporary course requirement for PhD students, Value Theory.

Enter your linkblue username.
Enter your linkblue password.
Secure Login

This login is SSL protected